Dokumentieren des Projekts mit Textnotizen, Anmerkungen und Abmessungen
Themen in diesem Abschnitt
- Textblöcke und Beschriftungen
Creating text blocks and single-line labels.
- Anmerkungen und Tags
Adding text notes with arrows and element tags.
Measuring objects with linear, angular, radial and altimetric dimensions.
- Detail areas and callouts
Highlight an area of a drawing
Text Blocks and Labels
This tool lets you insert multiline texts, and labels into your project. A text block has its own properties of font face, size, style, color, alignment and a background shape.
To set the properties of new texts, double-click the Text tool icon to open the Text Settings window or choose the menu item Edit ▸ Settings Window ▸ Text…
To change the properties of an existing text block, select the text object and double-click the Text tool icon or choose Edit ▸ Settings Window ▸ Text…
The Text Settings window provides easy access to all the graphic attributes of a text. If no text object is selected in the drawing, it shows the default values that are applied to all new objects; if one or more text objects are selected in the drawing, it shows the properties of the last text block in the selection.
In HighDesign Pro values and current graphic settings can be saved as styles.
While every other object is represented at the current scale, texts and labels are always at 1:1 real scale. Text paragraphs can be styled both as a block, with one style for all the text, and as a styled text with multiple styles and colors. Rotated labels can only have one text style applied to all the elements.
Text Settings Window
- Font face, selectable from the list of font families installed in your system. You can also access the Font Panel to select a different typeface (only supported for the entire text object). Text size, in any supported measurement unit; open the pop-down menu to select a different unit.
- Text style (bold, italic and underline) of the entire text;
- Alignment (left, centered, right; top, middle, bottom), in both multiline texts and single line labels; Character spacing and Line spacing controls;
- Writing direction options for international characters and languages.
- Border shapes: plain paragraph (no border), rectangle, diamond, hexagon, circle or oval;
- Border Color.
- Padding: defines the space around the element’s content, inside its border.
- Auto-fit box options: fixed size, flexible height, fit-text. When flexible height is active, the height of the box adjusts to the number of lines of text.
NOTE To set the color of the entire text box, use the colors menu on the Properties Bar.
This is the method used to create text paragraphs with text styles. Click to set the base point, drag the pointer to set the width and height of the text field, exactly as drawing a rectangle, and insert the text in the input box; this box also supports the “Cut, Copy, Paste and Select All” commands.
- When you define the text insertion box, the Text Styles bar opens allowing you to set the text styles within the paragraph: this way you can have a text box with words of different font, size, color and style. It is also available a pop-up menu for the insertion of special characters.
- To confirm the text and end the insertion, click outside the text box field or push the OK button on the Text Style toolbar.
- Colors of the characters are displayed as defined by the parent block unless this is set to “none”. Setting a specific color for the selected characters overrides the block color.
- To cancel the insertion, push the Esc key or the Cancel button the Text Style toolbar.
This method allows you to insert text labels and paragraphs with given angles. Differently from the Text Box method, texts created with this method can have a single text style.
- To create a rotated label, once the text is entered in the field, you can set the base angle by moving the pointer to rotate the label around the insertion point: click to end or set the given angle numerically. To create the label without setting the angle, push Command + Return.
- To edit the content of a text object, activate the Text tool, select the object and click within the field: then modify the text; you can also edit the text by double-clicking the object with the Arrow tool.
- To resize a text block, activate the Text tool, select the field and drag one of its angles. Text blocks only support resizing of width, not height, as the height of the object is calculated on its width and its contents and style properties.
Annotations and Tags
Use this tool to add text notes with leader lines and arrowheads and tags. The text can be multiline and rotated, but only have one style of font, size and color.
Leaders can be linear, circular, curved, or invisible. The construction process is similar for all types of leader: the first click defines the start arrow of the annotation and the second click sets the endpoint and the angle; the movement of the pointer and the next click define the landing. Enter the text in the input field.
- A text annotation can have multiple leader lines. Use the corresponding methods to add or remove a leader line from a text note.
Leaders can be added starting from the annotation going to the arrow point, or in the reverse direction, from the arrow point to the annotation. To add a leader:
- Activate the Add Leader method, click the unselected annotation and define the arrow point. The new leader is constructed from the node point.
- Activate the Add Leader method, define the arrow point anywhere on the drawing and click the annotation.
To remove a leader from an annotation, activate the Remove Leader method and click the leader line to remove.
It is possible to remove all the leaders of an annotation, leaving only the text note.
- In HighDesign Standard/Pro, annotations can be associative so that their position is determined by the parent element. Moving the parent element also moves the associated annotations.
- When used on a project element, the annotation prompts basic information about that element. Supported object classes are hatches, symbols, walls, columns, doors and windows. For example, annotations added to symbols by default prompt a caption with the names of the symbol and the current view.
Tag is a method of Annotations. Tags are special annotations that automatically display selected information associated with certain classes of elements:
- Architectural elements (Walls, Columns, Windows, Doors).
The Contents menu of the Settings window lists all the information that can be displayed in the tag label: select the options you wish to display.
The information can be computed or extracted from those added to the corresponding class of elements in the Object Info panel or in the Style/Type Settings window. Only the available information are displayed in the tag label.
Annotations and Tags (Pro) Settings Window
- Text font, size and style
- Horizontal alignment. Text notes are always aligned to the vertical middle.
- Associative behavior (Standard/Pro). Switch on to associate the note to the clicked element. Allowed elements are closed shapes (rectangles, polygons, hatches, ovals) and design elements (walls, columns, doors, windows). Tags always have the associative behavior.
- Contents pop up window (visible with Tags only). Through this window you can select the type of information displayed on the tag:
- Style tag
- Instance tag
- Leader style: none; lines; curve; arc.
- Label rotation.
- Frame Styles and size. The size of the frame can be calculated automatically based on the content of the text note, or set to fixed dimensions. When applied to architectural elements the frame style of Tags is automatic and varies with the class of the element. It can be changed afterwards through the Settings panel.
- Frame padding defines the distance between the text and the frame.
- Frame border color.
Use the Dimensions Tool to insert linear, multiple linear, radial, angular, ordinate and elevation dimensions. To set the dimension properties, either double-click the Dimensions tool in the Drawing Tools bar or choose Edit ▸ Settings Window ▸ Dimension to open the Dimension Settings dialog.
Dimensions Settings Window
This dialog is arranged in two panes: the Text and Graphics panes offer the fields, menus and options to setup the tool with the desired properties and configurations.
In addition to custom units, dimensions can use a custom precision setting different from that defined for the project.
- Label font, size and style;
- Dimension units;
- Precision menu;
- Behavior: associative status;
- Label options: prefix; custom text to use in place of the measure; display units after the measure;
- Tolerances, upper and lower, and text size of tolerances, relative to the main label.
- Arrowheads – open the pop-up to select shape and size of arrowheads;
- Arrow size in the current units
- Extension lines, long or short
- Arrow gap, i.e. how much the extension line extends beyond the arrow, and extension gap, between the extension line and the source point.
- Label options:
- position (middle, inside, outside, locked above and to the left of the witness line);
- offset from the witness line;
- Label frame option;
- Orientation of label, horizontal or aligned to the witness line;
- Option to flip the text relative to the direction of the source points.
In HighDesign Pro values and current graphic settings of Text and Graphics pane can be saved as styles.
This method is used to insert linear dimensions between two points. The dimension line can have a generic angle or can be axis aligned and display the dx or dy distance with absolute values. To use this tool, click on the datum points and move the pointer to place the dimension line; if you move vertically or horizontally (following the guide lines that appear on screen) you create a vertical or horizontal dimension; otherwise, the dimension will be object-aligned.
Associative Linear Dimensions (not available in LT edition)
Linear dimensions can be independent or associative. Independent dimensions are defined by the source points as described above. Modifying the measured object does not affect the geometry and value of the dimension. Associative dimensions are linked to their source element and update their geometry and value automatically as the source object is moved or modified. Dimension and object can reside on different layers.
All the default properties and settings apply to associative dimensions in the same way as independent dimensions.
To Create an Associative Dimension:
- Activate the Associative option, either in the Settings window or by clicking the Associative Dimensions button on the Properties toolbar, next to the Dimension methods.
- Click the source object. Associative dimensions must be defined by clicking between two vertex points since they require only the definition of the source object.
- Define the height of the witness line, i.e. its distance from the source object.
Associative dimensions are marked with squares on the source points. These squares are only visible on screen and are not printed nor exported.
An independent dimension can be changed into an associative dimension, and vice-versa. To change the behavior of a dimension, select it and use the Behavior checkbox on the Dimension Settings.
When an independent becomes associative, it lacks the link to an actual source object. Also, deleting or otherwise removing the source object can cause the relative dimension to lose its link. When an associative dimension does not have its source object, or is not able to find it, the square marks are no longer visible and a yellow “caution” triangle appears near the mid point of the witness line. An unlinked dimension can be re-associated to its source object or a new element in two ways:
- Using the command Tools ▸ Associate Dimensions/Annotations. Either select the dimension to link and begin the command, or begin the command and the click on the dimensions. With this method, it is possible to associate more dimensions in one run of the command. When you click on the dimension, a line is drawn from the mid point of the dimension to the cursor. Click on the new source object or element to link the dimension.
- Using the caution triangle. Click the yellow triangle of an unlinked dimension to begin the Associate Dimension command. The procedure is then the same as above.
Multiple Linear Dimensions
This method allows you to insert horizontal or vertical aligned dimensions (dx or dy distances) of two or more progressive points. Once the first segment is defined, all following dimensions will respect the first alignment and height.
Multiple dimensions support a “Continue” option: clicking an existing dimension allows to continue the sequence using that dimension as base item. Radial Dimensions
With this method you can get radial dimensions of arcs and circles.
To create a radial dimension click on a circle / arc and move the pointer inside or outside the circle to place the dimension; click again to set the end point. A dialog will show you the available options of the information displayed in the label (radius, diameter, angle and length).
This tool lets you dimension the angle between two lines: to dimension an angle, click on the first and on the second line; move the pointer to set the radius and the label position and click. If you click outside the datum lines the dimension will show the complementary angle.
With this method you can calculate the perpendicular distance from an origin point. The origin is identified with the Absolute Origin of axes. Distances along the x- and y-axes to objects to measure are specified using extension lines, with the distances indicated numerically at their ends with text labels.
Set the Origin and click on the points to measure: move the pointer parallel to the X axis to get the Y distance and parallel to the Y to get the X distance. If you change the origin, Ordinate dimensions will be updated automatically.
This method can be used to add elevation dimensions to your project.
To create elevation dimensions, set the “zero” datum, that is the Absolute Origin, and click on the points you need to measure. All dimensions will display values relative to the origin; if you move the origin, all other dimensions will change their values accordingly.
Dimensions can be edited to change their position, distance from the measured object and placement of the label. With the Dimension Tool active, click one of the extension points and move the pointer to modify the dimension; if the witness line is horizontal or vertical, the movement will be direction-constrained.
Click on of the endpoints of the witness line and move the pointer to change its distance from the extension points.
Click on the control point of the label to edit its placement along the witness line; you can also place the label outside the dimension: in this case a line will extend from the witness line to the label.
Radial dimensions are always associative: edit the measured object to change its position and values; click one of the vertices of the extension line to change its position and place the label inside or outside the circle.
Angular dimensions can be edited to modify the radius and the width of the arc and the label position: click on the arc and move the pointer to edit the radius.
Ordinate dimensions, that are linked with the origin, can be edited by moving the control points with both the Arrow tool and the Dimensions tool.
Elevation dimensions can be moved with the Move tool: the measure will be automatically updated with the new position.
Detail Areas and Callouts (Pro)
HighDesign Standard and Pro provide the Detail Area tool, a special tool designed to define rectangular areas of the current drafting sheet to be printed or to generate details of a larger project (Pro).
These regions of the drawing can be printed alone, like portions of a larger project. Detail areas can have a name, a color and a layer, and they are saved within the project like any other object.
If a Detail Area is linked to a detail of the project it is called Callout (Pro).
Detail Area and Callout Settings Window
When the Detail Area is linked to a detail sheet, the Callout options of the Settings window are enabled allowing you to specify the Head’s shape of the Callout (Round, Hexagonal, Oval, Rectangular) and to customize the Text:
- Font menu;
- Button to open the Fonts panel of the System;
- Button to select and load existing Text Styles;
- Text size menu;
- Text Default Styles (Bold, Italic, Underline).
Creating and Editing Detail Areas and Callouts
To create a detail area, click and move the pointer to draw a rectangle; click to set the area and insert a name in the input dialog. The detail area is displayed with a dashed and dotted border as a default: the name of the detail area is displayed as a label in the top left corner of the area.
If the area is selected, a triangular button close to the label of the area shows up: click on it to open the menu with the options to rename the area or create a new detail from the area.
When a new detail is created and linked to the area, we have a Callout. A Callout is displayed as a detail area with a head, a marker showing the Detail ID on the top side and the number of the Layout on the bottom if that detail is displayed as a viewport on a layout.
You can decide to hide detail areas during a normal design session by choosing the menu item View ▸ Detail Areas. The same command can also be used to show hidden detail areas.
- To edit an area, select it and, with the Detail Area tool active, click one of its vertices and move the pointer. To change the name of an area, select it and click on its name label; then insert the new name in the input dialog.
- To change the position of a Callout head, select it and move the marker along the border of the area by the definition point of its leader.
- Once you have created a detail area, you can open the Print window and select it from the Print Area pop-up menu as a printable portion of the project.